TY - JOUR

T1 - An example where lubrication theory comes short

T2 - Hydraulic jumps in a flow down an inclined plate

AU - Benilov, E. S.

AU - Lapin, V. N.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© © 2014 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2014/12/29

Y1 - 2014/12/29

N2 - We examine two-dimensional flows of a viscous liquid on an inclined plate. If the upstream depth h- of the liquid is larger than its downstream depth h+, a smooth hydraulic jump (bore) forms and starts propagating down the slope. If the inclination angle of the plate is small, the bore can be described by the so-called lubrication theory. In this work we demonstrate that bores with h+/h-<(√3-1)/2 either are unstable or do not exist as steady solutions of the governing equation (physically, these two possibilities are difficult to distinguish). The instability/evolution occurs near a stagnation point and, generally, causes overturning - sometimes on the scale of the whole bore, sometimes on a shorter, local scale. The overturning occurs because the flow advects disturbances towards the stagnation point and, thus, 'compresses' them, increasing the slope of the free surface. Interestingly, this effect is not captured by the lubrication theory, which formally yields a well-behaved stable solution for all values of h+/h-.

AB - We examine two-dimensional flows of a viscous liquid on an inclined plate. If the upstream depth h- of the liquid is larger than its downstream depth h+, a smooth hydraulic jump (bore) forms and starts propagating down the slope. If the inclination angle of the plate is small, the bore can be described by the so-called lubrication theory. In this work we demonstrate that bores with h+/h-<(√3-1)/2 either are unstable or do not exist as steady solutions of the governing equation (physically, these two possibilities are difficult to distinguish). The instability/evolution occurs near a stagnation point and, generally, causes overturning - sometimes on the scale of the whole bore, sometimes on a shorter, local scale. The overturning occurs because the flow advects disturbances towards the stagnation point and, thus, 'compresses' them, increasing the slope of the free surface. Interestingly, this effect is not captured by the lubrication theory, which formally yields a well-behaved stable solution for all values of h+/h-.

KW - interfacial flows (free surface)

KW - lubrication theory

KW - wave breaking

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84927601058&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/jfm.2014.719

DO - 10.1017/jfm.2014.719

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84927601058

SN - 0022-1120

VL - 764

SP - 277

EP - 295

JO - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

JF - Journal of Fluid Mechanics

ER -